Insights

Implementation of Artificial Intelligence in Indian Defence Services

Defence & Aerospace | Feb 13 2019

In keeping with the Hon’ble Finance Minister’s interim budget speech, a Task Force was constituted by the Ministry of Defence (“MoD”) for ‘Strategic implementation of Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) for National Security and Defence’. The Task Force has submitted its recommendations on the basis of which the MoD has issued an order implementing these numerous recommendations. A summary of this order has been given here below:
Summary
a. Establishment of a High Level Defence AI Council (“DAIC”) – DAIC shall be constituted to enable and effect development of operating framework, policy level changes and structural support. This council will consist of India’s Defence Minister, the 3 Chiefs of defence services, the Defence Secretary and eminent representatives from the industry and academia amongst others.
b. Integrate AI into India’s Defence Strategy – All the 3 defence services i.e. Army, Navy, Air Force as well as the Coast Guard, DRDO, DPSUs etc. shall integrate AI into their strategies. The intent is for AI to serve as a “force multiplier”, enhancing India’s defence capabilities and operations.
c. Capacity Building within Defence – Defence organisations need to foster learning and create / a wealth of knowledge on contemporary research and developments in AI. They would also need to contribute significantly in terms of research articles, data, patents, knowhow, trade secrets and licensing of these Intellectual Properties. In order to enhance their knowledge, AI training courses are to be introduced in all defence training centres and institutes and AI training of defence personnel will be provided.
d. Budgetary Allocation – A sum of INR 100 crores shall be allocated to the MoD each year for the next 5 years for implementation of recommendations given by Al Task Force including taking up Al projects, setting up Al related infrastructure, clearing & preparing Al related data, capacity building, etc.
e. Establishment of a Defence AI Project Agency (‘DAIPA”) – The agency, chaired by the Secretary of Defence Production, shall lay down standards for technology development and delivery process for Al projects, establish the Standard Operating Procedure for these projects, formulate policy for IPR, provide for selection of strategic partners etc.

In a first, vide this order, the MoD has decided that the use of Artificial Intelligence is the need of the hour for India’s defence services and has provided for the establishment of two separate councils (DAIC and DAIPA) to supervise the implementation and integration of AI. It has foreseen the development of AI as crucial for India to take the next step towards its goal of becoming a superpower.

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